OSTEOARTHRITIS

7-22-2013 10-10-42 AM

OSTEOARTHRITIS

Did you know there are about 100 different types of arthritis? However, we are going to focus on the most common form of arthritis called osteoarthritis (OA). Most everybody would consider this arthritis to be the “wear and tear” or “old age” arthritis. About 2% of the US population under the age of 45 suffers from OA, 30%suffers from OA between the ages of 45-64 and 65-85% suffers from OA over the age of 65. So, generally speaking this is a chronic disease that becomes more prevalent as one ages. It should be remembered that OA changes to the joint develop years earlier before significant pain is noted.

Based on the National Health Survey from 2007-2009, revealed 50 million or about 22% of adults have self reported doctor diagnosed OA. 21 million or about 9% have arthritis related reduction in activity. OA is the most common cause of disability particularly after age 50.

From the journal, Arthritis Rheumatology 2008, nearly 1 in 2 people will develop symptomatic knee OA by age 85 and 2 in 3 people who are obese ,which is a huge risk factor, may develop symptomatic knee OA in their lifetime. 1 in 4 may develop painful hip arthritis in their lifetime according to the journal

Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.

The most common sites that OA occurs are the knees, hips, spine and hands. Of course almost any other joint in the body can also be affected by OA. Due to it widespread presence about 25% of all visits to primary care physicians (PCP) are due to OA. Another interesting statistic is that 50% of those visits are due to complications from taking non-steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as, aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, Celebrex, Voltaren and others.

In brief, OA is characterized by degeneration of the lining of the joints referred to as hyaline cartilage. Normally cartilage is smooth, slippery, and gives with joint compression. With OA the cartilage becomes roughened, thinned out, provides less cushioning with compression and there often are calcific changes in the cartilage and around the joint resulting in spurs.

 

RISK FACTORS:

1. Age – the likely hood of OA dramatically increases with age.

2. Gender – before age 45 men are more likely to have OA, but over age 45 women are more likely

3. Weight – this is a very significant, as increased weight places increased loads on the joints.

4. Repetitive activity – places greater continual demands on joint structures.

5. Abnormal alignment – asymmetrical forces can accelerate damage to the joints – Chiropractic!

6. Prior injuries – sets the stage for inflammation and abnormal alignment.

7. Genetics and other medical conditions

8. Weakened muscles

Find out more in my review here or give me a call @ 480-732-0911:
OSTEOARTHRITIS.pdf

Arizona Family Health Centre
2430 W Ray Rd
Chandler, AZ 85224‎
(480) 732-0911
http://www.eastvalleychiropractor.com/