The Prostate Gland

What exactly is the prostate gland? It is a donut shaped gland that weighs about an ounce and is about the size of a walnut. It is located below the bladder and just in front of the rectum. The prostate wraps around the urethra which is the tube that allows urine to flow from the bladder to the penis.

The prostate helps to regulate the urine flow, it adds a slightly alkaline, milky white fluid to the semen. It mixes prostate fluid with fluid from the seminal vesicles and sperm from the testicles to form semen.

The prostate gland contains both glandular and muscular tissue. The glandular portion helps to prevent urinary infections, helps with maintaining the proper consistency of semen, helps to keep the sperm healthy, removes toxins, and is sensitive to hormones such as testosterone, DHT and estrogen.

The muscular portion helps with mixing different fluids to get the correct balance to help with the keeping the sperm healthy. The “two valves “or sphincters one at the top and one at the bottom of the gland regulates the flow of urine. It also regulates the flow of semen during ejaculation. The prostates unique tissue structure makes it sensitive to hormone levels. It appears that this is probably one of the main mechanisms that leads to an enlargement of the prostate as men age.

Prostate cancer is the number two leading cancer cause of death in American men.

SYMPTOMS OF BPH

Here are some of the more common symptoms of BPH or enlarged prostate:

1. Increased frequency during nighttime hours

2. Excessive urinary dribbling

3. Difficulty to begin urination or need to apply more pressure to begin urination

4. Sudden urge to urinate

5. Intermittent stopping and starting while urinating

6. Feeling of incomplete voiding of urine

7. Less ejaculate is produced and appears a bit clearer

8. Fewer hard erections and some difficulty maintaining the erection

Some more severe symptoms:

1.Painful or minimal urination

2. Loss of sleep at night due to urges to urinate

3. Painful or minimal semen during ejaculation

4. Uncontrollable frequency, urgency and dribbling

All of these symptoms can lead to a lose of bladder function, backflow could lead to
bladder or kidney infections or eventual kidney failure.

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